To start with, Arabic is a language like all other languages around the world, so there are no much difference between it and others, except that it was chosen by Allah to be the language of the last holy book on earth (Al-Quran).
As in English language, everything that comes out of our mouth is termed as Speech. The speech consists of some parts that joined together to form it a statement.
When someone utters a statement. Is either the statement gives us a complete meaning or not.
If the statement does not gives complete meaning, or does not make sense, that means the statement/speech is lacking one or some of it parts.
But if the speech gives you a complete meaning and makes sense to your hearing, that means, the speech/statement is complete.
Parts of Speech
The speech in English language is divided into about 9 parts, they are
For example, when someone says:
Khaalid went to market yesterday.
In the statement above, we have five (5) parts of Speech that appeared in it, they are:
- Khaalid – Noun.
- Went – Verb.
- To – Preposition.
- Market – Noun.
- Yesterday – Adverb.
Another example, consider the below sentence:
Zaid beat his friend last week.
- Zaid – Noun.
- Beat – Verb.
- His – Pronoun.
- Friend – Noun
- Lastweek – Adverb
Note: It is not compulsory to see all parts of Speech in a single sentence, although there some that are very important and even compulsory like Verb and Noun.
Arabic Speech (ٱلْكَلِمَةُ)
Speech in Arabic is called Kalimoh (Al-kalimoh).
ِِِِِِِِالْكَلِمَةُ: يَنْقَسِمُ إِلَیۧ ثَلَاثَةِ أَقْسَامٍ
١) الِاسْمُ. مثل: خالد
٢) الْحَرْفُ. مثل: إلی
٣) الْفِعْلُ. مثل: جلس
Basically, Arabic speech is divided in three part, which are:
- Noun – الِاسْمُ
- Preposition – الْحَرْفُ
- Verb – الْفِعْلُ
We will be taking them one by one, so as to elaborate them..